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Andrew Macken | Montaka Global Investments
The launch of ChatGPT has sparked fresh interest in the massive potential of technology to continue to revolutionise our lives. The chatbot, developed by Microsoft-backed OpenAI has wowed people with its ability to use machine learning to produce human-like answers and content to questions.
After the extraordinary decline in technology stocks witnessed in 2022, many investors have been asking: is tech dead? But as ChatGPT has shown, far from dying, tech is set to enter a new era of growth, dominance, and profitability.
The 2022 downturn will lead to even higher future earnings than previously forecast because cost-cutting at tech companies will deliver higher future profit margins. Yet, perhaps most importantly, tech stocks will benefit from transformational waves of tech innovation, particularly in the field of ChatGPT-style AI.
The extraordinary price falls of many long-term-winning tech companies – including five we highlight below – mean investors can buy high-quality, reliably growing earnings streams cheaply.
The tech sector has grown more rapidly than any other sector over the past four decades as it has penetrated more and more parts of the global economy.
That growth has also come with far superior profit margins, a powerful combination that has seen tech deliver an increasing share of US corporate profits, which has flowed through to strong investment returns – even when the extraordinary stock price declines of 2022 are included.
Many of today’s tech leaders continue to show faster-than-average revenue growth and higher-than-average incremental profit margins. For example, the two largest players in cloud computing, Amazon (owner of AWS) and Microsoft (owner of Azure), are growing their cloud businesses by more than 20% per annum. These rates of growth are obviously well above the average growth rate of the broader economy – and are expected to continue, albeit with some moderation in the current environment, given the early phase of cloud adoption we are in today.
Montaka estimates the incremental operating profit margin of cloud computing in Western markets to be 30-40% over the long-term. This level of profitability on future growth is also far above the average levels of profitability found in the broader economy.
And it’s not just the hyperscalers.
Montaka estimates that the incremental operating profit margins of the world’s leading (and entrenched) enterprise software-as-a-service businesses (SaaS), such as Salesforce and ServiceNow, are also north of 30%.
The aggregated tech sector is clearly growing at above-average rates of growth. And there are important reasons why this trend will continue as technology continues to expand into all walks of life.
The core enabler of this proliferation has been a powerful force: a huge increase in computing power at a rapidly declining cost. In tech circles, this dynamic is known as Moore’s Law and it describes how the number of transistors on a silicon chip – that is, the fundamental building blocks of compute – increases by approximately 10x every seven years.
Investing legend and Sequoia Capital Chairperson, Mike Moritz, observed in the mid-1990s that, if Moore's Law continued to hold – and computing power continued to become exponentially cheaper – then the markets that tech can penetrate should keep getting larger and larger.
And certainly, this has been the case. The investment returns from this one insight alone have been staggering.
Today, breakthroughs in chip design – from proven forms of accelerated computing to several prospective forms of unconventional computing – are paving the way for Moore’s Law to continue.
At the same time, we are on the cusp of the next transformational wave that will accelerate tech proliferation even further: artificial intelligence (AI).
AI will recast and refashion every aspect of life: how we consume, how we work, how we monitor industrial machines, how we deliver healthcare, how wars are won, and how we solve climate change.
Not only is software eating the world, but it is becoming a lot smarter at an accelerating rate and will continue to do so.
Why? Because of AI – and more specifically, machine learning (ML), the most common and practically applicable subset of AI today.
Think of Google’s predictive text in Search or Gmail, or its facial recognition in Photos; Tesla’s autonomous driving; or OpenAI’s ChatGPT natural language model, which is generating billions of words per day in human-like sentences and paragraphs.
In 2022, several text-to-image creation tools have been unveiled, such as DALL.E-2, Midjourney, and Stability AI, as well as extraordinary new text-to-video creation tools, from the likes of Meta.
Furthermore, large language models are expected to change the way humans interact with their technology. Increasingly, users will employ natural language (everyday language) to have an ongoing ‘dialogue’ with their technology so they can tailor it to specific uses.
Large language models have started to unlock extraordinary new uses of technology, such as automated content generation for corporate marketing teams, automated document review and processing, and even search, all at very low marginal costs.
Over the coming decade, it is highly likely that AI will be the key enabler of most future waves of tech innovation. In a recent 189-page submission to the US Congress, the Special Competitive Studies Project, which is chaired by former Google CEO Eric Schmidt, identified the major areas of tech innovation, looking out to 2030.
Far from calling the ‘death’ of tech, the extraordinary price drawdowns of certain long-term winning tech companies are providing investors with remarkable investment opportunities – just as they did after the 2000/01 dot-com crash and the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008.
Of course, not all tech companies have long-term durable advantages and investors need to be selective. But when we examine leading businesses, they combine huge growth opportunities with cheap valuations.
Short-term macro headwinds have compressed valuation ‘multiples’ in the year of 2022. But we know that in the long run, equity returns are dominated by earnings growth, not changes in multiples. And our analysis leads us to place a high probability on the scale and reliability of the future earnings growth of selected, advantaged tech winners.
Tech is not dead. We believe the 2022 sell off in tech represents a significant investment opportunity.
Andrew Macken is the Chief Investment Officer at Montaka Global Investments, a sponsor of Firstlinks. Analysis as at 22 February 2023. This information has been provided by Firstlinks, a publication of Morningstar Australasia (ABN: 95 090 665 544, AFSL 240892), for WealthHub Securities Ltd ABN 83 089 718 249 AFSL No. 230704 (WealthHub Securities, we), a Market Participant under the ASIC Market Integrity Rules and a wholly owned subsidiary of National Australia Bank Limited ABN 12 004 044 937 AFSL 230686 (NAB). Whilst all reasonable care has been taken by WealthHub Securities in reviewing this material, this content does not represent the view or opinions of WealthHub Securities. Any statements as to past performance do not represent future performance. Any advice contained in the Information has been prepared by WealthHub Securities without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. Before acting on any such advice, we recommend that you consider whether it is appropriate for your circumstances.