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Analysis of rio tinto’s share buyback

Rio’s decision to offer an off-market buyback looks appealing for SMSFs and low or zero rate taxpayers, according to Paul Rickard.

Important: Any advice and information in this publication is of a general nature only. Any general tax information provided in this publication is intended as a guide only and is based on our general understanding of taxation laws. It is not intended to be a substitute for specialised taxation advice or an assessment of an individual’s liabilities, obligations or claim entitlements that arises, or could arise, under taxation law, and we recommend that you consult a registered tax agent. nabtrade is not a registered tax agent.

Following the sale of Coal & Allied, Rio Tinto has committed an extra US$2.5bn to its ongoing share buy-back programme. Part of this amount, A$700m, will be returned to resident Australian shareholders through an off-market buyback tender. The tender opens on Wednesday.

Rio’s decision to offer an off-market buyback will be welcomed by SMSFs. Due to the high franked dividend component, it appears to be a particularly attractive proposition from a tax point of view for low rate or zero rate taxpayers to accept.

Deciding whether to accept an off-market buyback is a pretty straight forward decision. If you are paying tax at a high marginal rate (34.5% or higher), it is unlikely to appeal based on the example calculations I’ve outlined later in this piece. If you are paying tax at 0% (such as an SMSF in pension or an individual with income under the tax free threshold), then as I mentioned this looks like a good deal. If you are somewhere in between, such as an SMSF in accumulation, then it will depend on the tender discount and your ability to use any capital gains tax loss.

Of course, if you sell some or all of your Rio shares in the buy-back, you will then need to make a decision about what to do with the cash.

What’s special about an off-market buyback?

There are 2 types of buybacks.

An on-market buyback is conducted on behalf of the company by a broker purchasing the shares on the ASX.

The other type is an off-market buyback which is usually conducted through a tender process, and provided it is an equal access scheme, allows a company to distribute surplus franking credits to its shareholders. It is this distribution of franking credits that makes the off-market buyback very special. Part of the sale proceeds is treated as a franked dividend, with the other part treated as a capital component.

Effectively, the shareholder gets a franked dividend with imputation credits, and materially reduced sale price for capital gains tax purposes. This is what makes off market buybacks so tax advantageous to some shareholders, and because shareholders are keen to accept, it means that the company can purchase the shares at a discount to the market price.

Rio’s off-market buyback

Shareholders will be offered the opportunity to participate and tender all, some or none of their shares, with the tender closing on Friday 10 November.

The tender will be at a discount to the market price, ranging from 8% up to a discount of 14%. Because the buyback is relatively small (the $0.7bn represents only 2.9% of the issued capital of the ASX listed Rio Tinto Limited), Rio will accept tenders from those shareholders offering to sell at the lowest price (highest discount), and reject those offering to sell at a higher price (lower discount).

The buyback will comprise two components – a capital component of $9.44 and the balance as a fully franked dividend. If the market price of Rio shares is (for example) $68.00 and the tender discount is 14%, then the buy-back price will be $58.48. This will comprise a capital component of $9.44 and a fully franked dividend of $49.04.

The buy-back price will be the same for all tenders – so if the tender is cleared at a discount of 10%, shareholders who nominate discounts of 11%, 12%, 13%, 14% will be successful and receive the price at a 10% discount. Rather than nominate a percentage discount, shareholders can also tender ‘final price’ (take whatever the market clears at). As a scale-back is expected, Rio, has also announced some priority rules – to clear successful shareholders who are left with a residual parcel of 30 shares or less, and a guaranteed minimum allocation to successful tenderers of the first 75 shares.

The market price will be determined by calculating the volume weighted average price of trades on the ASX over the 5 trading days immediately before the closing day, (i.e. from 6 November to 10 November). The announcement of the buy-back price and any scale back will be made on Monday 13 November.

Shareholders worried about Rio’s share price during the buy-back period can also set an overall minimum price. If your tender discount is successful (this also includes ‘final price’ offers), you will only be accepted if the buy-back price is equal to or above your minimum price.

Should I accept?

The premise is that you should accept the buyback if your effective sale price (after tax) is higher than you could achieve by selling the same shares on the ASX.

Let’s compare the two alternatives – selling your shares on market at $68.00, or selling your shares in the buyback. We will do this from the perspective of an SMSF in accumulation (paying tax at 15%), and a SMSF supporting the payment of a pension (paying tax at 0%).

We will also make a few other assumptions:

  • For the on-market buy-back, the deemed tax value is also $68.00 (this is determined by the ATO and won’t be available until after the buyback is completed). The sale price for CGT purposes is the deemed tax value less the franked dividend – small variances don’t have a huge impact on the numbers;
  • Purchase price for your Rio shares – in the first 2 examples, $40.00, and in examples 3 and 4, $80.00;
  • A tender discount of 14% (the maximum), and also the minimum of 8%.

Four examples are shown:

  • Example 1: discount of 14%; original purchase price of $40.00;
  • Example 2: discount of 8%; original purchase price of $40.00;
  • Example 3: discount of 14%; original purchase price of 80.00;
  • Example 4: discount of 8%; original purchase price of $80.00.

In Example 1, the market price is $68.00. Applying a 14% discount, the buy-back price is $58.48, which comprises a capital component of $9.44 and a fully franked dividend of $49.04. For a fund in accumulation (columns 2 and 3), the after tax proceeds from selling the share on market would be $65.20. If the shares had been sold via the buy-back, the effective after tax price is $68.99. There is also a capital loss of $21.04 per share, which is potentially worth another $2.10 (15% tax rate, one-third discount) if it can be applied to offset a capital gain on another asset. For a fund in pension (columns 4 and 5,) the buy-back return is $79.50 per share, $11.50 higher than if the shares were sold on market.

Example 1 – Discount 14%, Original Purchase Price of $40.00, Market Price $68.00

Source: Switzer Super Report

*Value of losses can only be accessed by applying against other capital gains

Example 2 – Discount 8%, Original Purchase Price of $40.00, Market Price $68.00

Source: Switzer Super Report

*Value of losses can only be accessed by applying against other capital gains

Example 3 – Discount 14%, Original Purchase Price of $80.00, Market Price $68.00

Source: Switzer Super Report

*Value of losses can only be accessed by applying against other capital gains

Example 4 – Discount 8%, Shares Purchased at $80.00, Market Price $68.00

Source: Switzer Super Report

*Value of losses can only be realised against other capital gains

Conclusion

In pension, the outcome looks very attractive. At a discount of 14%, you are $11.50 better off – and at the minimum discount of 8%, you would be $17.33 per share richer.

In accumulation, it is still going to make sense to accept in most situations, more so if you can utilise the capital loss.

Because this buyback is relatively small and the franked dividend component is high, expect it to clear at 14%. If tendering and you want to be accepted, you may wish to tender at the ‘14%’ discount or ‘final price’ options.

And if you want to review the outcome for a high marginal taxpayer paying tax at 47% (45% plus 2% Medicare Levy), see Example 5 below. Even at the most favourable tender discount of 8%, a shareholder, after taking into account the value of the capital gains tax loss, is $5.86 per share worse off.

Example 5 – 47% taxpayer, Discount 8%, Market Price $68.00, Purchased at $40.00 or $80.00

Source: Switzer Super Report

*Value of losses can only be realised against other capital gains 


About the Author
Paul Rickard , Switzer Group

Paul Rickard is a co-founder of the Switzer Report. Paul has more than 30 years’ experience in financial services and banking, including 20 years with the Commonwealth Bank Group in senior leadership roles. Paul was the founding Managing Director and CEO of CommSec, and was named Australian ‘Stockbroker of the Year’ in 2005. In 2011, Paul teamed up with Peter Switzer and Maureen Jordan to launch the Switzer Report, a newsletter and website for share market investors. A regular commentator in the media, investment advisor and company director, he is also a Non-Executive Director of Tyro Payments Ltd and PEXA Group Limited.